不同的CTO角色

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我汇集了一份短小组关于企业创新中首席技术官的角色的展示,我曾经再次意识到CTO的角色围绕着围绕着困惑。当你想讨论一个CTO的角色时,总是出现的第一件事是,没有建立一个CTO实际的定义。这一角色取决于公司的类型和公司的角色技术竞争。

Some time ago I did some digging into the history of the CTO roles and how to best classify them. I am posting it here as it might be of general interest. Some of the sources I used are at the end of this note.

什么时候约翰·布洛克曼,创始人Edge,采访Nathan Myhrvold他的第一个问题是“什么是CTO”, to which Nathan replied:

“如果我知道,地狱。你知道,当条例草案和我正在讨论我的这份工作时,他说,好的,好的,成功的首席技术官的伟大例子是什么。在大约五分钟后,我们决定,好吧,必须有一些,但我们没有言语的尖端究竟是谁是一个伟大的首席技术官,因为许多人真正伟大的CTO没有那个标题而且至少有一些冠军的人可以说是不好的。

我在微软的工作是将来担心技术。如果你想拥有一个美好的未来,你必须在现在开始考虑它,因为当未来在这里你没有时间。“

The first CTOs came onto the scene during the late eighties. A number of companies started to capitalize on the results their R&D laboratories were delivering and the directors of these labs were moved into positions where they could use technologies to provide the company with strategic advantages. The role developed into very different positions and there are several ways how to categorize them. There are good reasons for following any of the categorization models, but I believe汤姆Berray的象限提供最佳框架,了解如何使CTO成功的原因:

基础设施经理- 在CIO的角色变得太复杂的公司中,CTO承担了基础设施和IT运营的责任:数据中心操作,网络运营,应用程序开发和维护,安全性等行功能。必威体育精装版app官网CIO保留了如何在组织内使用技术的责任。这主要是用于传统业务的模型,在那里它处于纯粹的支持作用。

技术有远见与运营经理– This pattern is usually found in dot.com and other technology-oriented companies where information technology is key ingredient in implementing business strategy. The CTO is responsible for determining how technology can be used to implement the business strategy. This is the ‘technology visionary’ aspect of the role. But then subsequently, the CTO is responsible for actually integrating and running the technology, i.e. the role of the ‘operations manager.’ In this pattern the CTO is often a co-founder of the business, or one of the first hires.

外在的技术人员- 我们经常在技术用于为客户和合作伙伴提供产品和服务的公司中看到此模型;CTO是客户与内部开发和主要影响者在产品组合开发中的中介。必威体育精装版app官网CTO与关键客户保持不变,突出地参与市场研究。一些较大的软件公司已成功使用此模型,其中多个CTO是经验丰富的技术专家,其主要任务是致敬客户的桥梁。中间件空间中的许多软件公司CTO也将客户联系作为主要活动。

大思想家——技术主管在这个模型中主要花时间evaluating how technology can be used internally to developed new business models and business lines, and how to preempt competitor’s attempts to use technology to disrupt the markets. This CTO’s responsibilities often include advanced technology, competitive analysis, technology assessment, prototyping lab, partnering, planning, and architecture standards.

In the first two models the CTO directly manages an engineering division and much of his/her influence in the organization is exerted through technology development in their own organization. I have met CTOs who manage divisions that had 500 - 1000 engineers or more.

在最后两个模型中,CTO具有他/她需要影响其他部门来在新方向上执行的作用。为了保证这种影响水平,CTO通常是执行团队的一部分或靠近执行团队的一部分,通常向首席执行官报告。CTO确实监督小组(通常是10-50名工程师,具体取决于公司的大小),其作为高风险技术方向的孵化器。

Below are some sources. Not all are good, but together they paint a reasonable picture and give you a good starting point for further research.

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